The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an internal, neuro-regulatory system of human body that is directly related to cannabis since it produces cannabinoid compounds such as those contained in high content and variety in cannabis plant.
The existence of endocannabinoid system was discovered, within the scientific community, in the 1960s but only in 1988 scientists systematically examined and clarified its structure and operation.
The contribution of endocannabinoid system to homeostasis process – that is maintaining a stable internal environment within the body despite external fluctuations – is of extreme importance since it affects significantly man’s health and well-being.
The endocannabinoid system works by producing its own cannabinoid compounds, known as endocannabinoids, which “work” by being attached to specific receptors of the system. These receptors can be found all over our body housed in brain, kidneys, lungs as well as immune system cells.
The endocannabinoid system regulates several everyday physical functions of human body some of which are sleep, relaxation, hunger, memory, and pain sensation.
In the following video by Fundación CANNA – a foundation working on the research and analysis of cannabis plant and its properties – is briefly illustrated the structure and function of endocannabinoid system.